The congested lung

G. M. Turino, A. P. Fishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


1. 1. The performance of lung in pulmonary congestion has been considered in terms of anatomic and physiologic abnormalities. 2. 2. The characteristic breathing pattern of pulmonary congestion is one of tachypnea and hyperventilation. This is interpreted as a device to minimize the work and energy cost of breathing. 3. 3. The major impairment to gas exchange is one of maldistribution of inspired air in relation to pulmonary capillary blood. Diffusion is relatively unaffected, even in the face of interstitial edema. 4. 4. Dyspnea is considered as a consequence of the abnormally high work of breathing, and as a mechanism for adjusting the ventilatory pattern so as to minimize the work of breathing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-524
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Chronic Diseases
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1959
Externally publishedYes


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