The Combined Roles of Nonsomatic Depressive Symptomatology, Neurocognitive Function, and Current Substance Use in Medication Adherence in Adults Living With HIV Infection

Travis M. Scott, Desiree Byrd, Miguel Arce Rentería, Kelly Coulehan, Caitlin Miranda, Armando Fuentes, Monica Rivera Mindt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Depression, global neurocognitive (GNC) function, and substance use disorders (SUDs) are each associated with medication adherence in persons living with HIV (PLWH). Because somatic symptoms can inflate depression scores in PLWH, the role of nonsomatic depressive symptomatology (NSDS) should be considered in adherence. However, the combined roles of NSDS, GNC function, and current SUDs in predicting combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) adherence remain poorly understood. Forty PLWH (70% Latina/o; 30% non-Hispanic White) completed psychiatric/SUD, neurocognitive, and self-report cART adherence evaluations. Higher NSDS was associated with suboptimal adherence (p <.01), but optimal and suboptimal adherers did not differ in GNC function or current SUDs. Only NSDS was associated with suboptimal adherence, after accounting for GNC function and SUDs (p =.01). NSDS uniquely predicted self-reported adherence, beyond GNC function and current SUDs among ethnically diverse PLWH. Methodological issues between present and prior studies should also be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-189
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • HIV
  • adherence
  • neurocognitive
  • nonsomatic depressive symptomatology
  • substance use disorders

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