The Cardiac Veins and Retrograde Coronary Venous Perfusion

R. J. Bates, M. Toscano, S. C. Balderman, C. E. Anagnostopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Study of retrograde coronary venous perfusion has been greatly overshadowed in the past decade by the advent and success of direct coronary artery revascularization. Recently there has been renewed interest in retrograde venous perfusion as a possible means of restoring myocardial circulation in selected patients. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of the cardiac venous system and the history of retrograde venous perfusion, with emphasis on recent experimental work and clinical trials involving retrograde coronary vein perfusion (RCVP).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes


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