Background: Severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with systematic coagulopathy which might result in fatality. We aimed to investigate whether systematic anticoagulation before admission with COVID infection was associated with patients’ survival. Methods: We reviewed medical records of 6,095 hospitalized patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 from the Mount Sinai Health System. Patients were stratified into two groups: patients with therapeutic anticoagulation before admission (7.9%, N=480), or those without (92.1%, N=5,615). Propensity score matched analysis was conducted to assess the association of anticoagulation before admission and in-hospital mortality (N=296 in each group). Multiple imputation for missing data was conducted. Results: A total of 480 patients (7.9%) received anticoagulation before admission. Patients with anticoagulation before admission were older (72.1±14.7 years vs. 63.1±17.2 years), and had more comorbidities including chronic pulmonary obstructive disease, hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure (all p< 0.05). Notably, patients with anticoagulation before admission had lower D-dimer [1.48 (IQR 0.75, 2.79) μg/mL vs 1.66 (0.89, 3.52) μg/mL, p=0.002]. In a propensity score matched analysis (N=296 in each group), in-hospital mortality was not significantly different in patients with anticoagulation before admission compared to those without (28.4% vs 31.1%, p=0.53). In addition, inverse probability weighted analysis and multiple imputation for missing data did not change the result. Furthermore, these differences were not significant after excluding endotracheal intubation from both groups. Conclusion: Anticoagulation before admission was not associated with lower risk of in-hospital mortality of COVID-19 patients. Further investigation is needed to confirm these findings.
- Anticoagulation before admission
- Coronavirus disease 2019
- In-hospital mortality