The association between sonographic cervical length components and preterm birth in women with ultrasound- or exam-indicated cerclage

Alberto Muniz Rodriguez, Mackenzie Naert, Andreina Colatosti Catanho, Elena Labovitis, Andrei Rebarber, Nathan S. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate which parameters of a sonographic cervical length measurement are associated with preterm birth in women with ultrasound- or exam-indicated cerclage. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with singleton pregnancies who underwent ultrasound- or exam-indicated Shirodkar cerclage by a single maternal–fetal medicine practice between 2011 and 2019. All patients underwent sonographic cervical length measurement 2–3 weeks after cerclage placement, and then every 2–4 weeks up to 32 weeks. The images from the first and second post-cerclage cervical lengths were reviewed. Total cervical length, upper cervical length (from the internal cervical os to the cerclage), and lower cervical length (from the cerclage to the external os) were measured. The primary outcome for this study was gestational age at delivery. Results: A total of 114 women with cerclage were included (85 (74.6%) ultrasound-indicated and 29 (25.4%) exam-indicated). The first and second total cervical lengths correlated with gestational age at delivery (r = 0.26, p=.005; r = 0.33, p<.001, respectively), and the change from first to second was inversely correlated with gestational age at delivery (r = −0.20, p=.032). The first and second upper cervical lengths also correlated with gestational age at delivery (r = 0.22, p =.019; r = 0.33, p<.001, respectively), and the change from first to second upper cervical length was inversely correlated with gestational age at delivery (r= −0.20, r = 0.029). Neither the first nor the second lower cervical lengths were significantly associated with gestational age at delivery. On regression analysis, total cervical length and upper cervical length were not independently associated with gestational age at delivery (p =.108 and p=.806, respectively, for the first scan; p =.153 and p=.166, respectively, for the second scan). Conclusions: Postcerclage total cervical length and upper cervical length are both associated with gestational age at delivery and risk of preterm birth, but not independently. After ultrasound- or exam-indicated cerclage, sonographic monitoring of either the total cervical length or the upper cervical length might be predictive of gestational age at delivery and the risk of preterm birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5703-5708
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume35
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Cerclage
  • cervical length
  • preterm birth
  • suture
  • ultrasound

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The association between sonographic cervical length components and preterm birth in women with ultrasound- or exam-indicated cerclage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this