The association between second trimester estimated fetal weight and small for gestational age at birth

Nathan S. Fox, Gabrielle Gettenberg, Erica Stern, Joshua J. Schwartz, Renita Kim, Daniel H. Saltzman, Andrei Rebarber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To analyze diagnostic accuracy of second trimester ultrasound fetal growth parameters as predictors of small for gestational age (SGA) birth weight.Methods: We reviewed the fetal biometry from 714 consecutive patients with second trimester ultrasounds. The estimated fetal weight (EFW) and abdominal circumference (AC) percentiles were tested as predictors of SGA at birth (<10‰).Results: 87 (12.2%) patients had an SGA baby. Patients with a second trimester EFW ≤25‰ were significantly more likely to have SGA at birth (24.2% versus 10.3%, p < 0.001). Similar results were seen for women with second trimester AC ≤25‰ (likelihood of SGA 21.9% versus 11.2%, p = 0.013). A second trimester EFW ≤25‰ was a better predictor of SGA at birth than a second trimester EFW ≤ 10‰ (Positive likelihood ratio 2.30 versus 2.09). In the second trimester, only 9 (1.3%) patients had an EFW 0-10‰, only 43 (6%) patients had an EFW 11-20‰, and only 46 (6.4%) patients had an EFW 91-99‰. Each other EFW centile had more than 10% of the patients.Conclusions: The incidence of second trimester EFW or AC ≤10‰ is less common than expected from standard tables. An EFW ≤25‰ and an AC ≤25‰ should be considered the second trimester marker for risk of SGA at birth. However, due to the low likelihood ratio of, it is not clear if second trimester ultrasound should be used as a predictor of SGA at birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2398-2402
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Issue number15
StatePublished - 2 Aug 2016


  • EFW
  • SGA
  • second trimester
  • sensitivity and specificity


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