The apoptotic-cell receptor CR3, but not αvβ5, is a regulator of human dendritic-cell immunostimulatory function

Mojca Škoberne, Selin Somersan, Wanda Almodovar, Tuan Truong, Kseniya Petrova, Peter M. Henson, Nina Bhardwaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) that capture apoptotic cells (ACs) in the steady state mediate peripheral tolerance to self-antigens. ACs are recognized by an array of receptors on DCs, the redundancy of which is not completely defined. We made use of an AC surrogate system to address the individual roles of the αvβ5 and complement receptors (CRs) in the phagocytosis and induction of immunity. CR3 and CR4, while substantially less efficient than αvβ5 in internalizing ACs, initiate signals that render DCs tolerogenic. Responding T cells show impaired proliferation and IFNγ production and subsequently die by apoptosis. While tolerogenic DCs are not induced via αvβ5, coligation of CR3 and αvβ5 maintains the DC's tolerogenic profile. This immunomodulatory role, however, is countered by a significant inflammatory stimulus such as bacterial infection. Overall, our data suggest that under steady-state conditions, signaling via CRs predominates to render DCs tolerogenic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-955
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

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