The analysand and analyst team practicing reciprocal free association: Defenders and deniers

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Abstract

By 1900, Freud had formulated an original and operational method of psychoanalytic treatment and research: the technique of free association. In 1912-1915 and later writings, he recommended it as a fundamental procedure and process, called the fundamental rule, in psychoanalytic therapy. In recent years, free association as a method has been variously misrepresented, misunderstood, and denied by some schools of psychoanalysis. This paper reviews the history of free associations and argues for upholding the continuity and relevance of Freud's fundamental methodology and for a renewal of interest in reciprocal, i.e., interactive and interpersonal, free association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Forum of Psychoanalysis
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • free association
  • intrapersonal and interpersonal states of consciousness
  • method
  • mobile and free floating attention

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