The American Society of Pain and Neuroscience (ASPN) Evidence-Based Clinical Guideline of Interventional Treatments for Low Back Pain

Dawood Sayed, Jay Grider, Natalie Strand, Jonathan M. Hagedorn, Steven Falowski, Christopher M. Lam, Vinicius Tieppo Francio, Douglas P. Beall, Nestor D. Tomycz, Justin R. Davanzo, Rohit Aiyer, David W. Lee, Hemant Kalia, Soun Sheen, Mark N. Malinowski, Michael Verdolin, Shashank Vodapally, Alexios Carayannopoulos, Sameer Jain, Nomen AzeemReda Tolba, George C.Chang Chien, Priyanka Ghosh, Anthony J. Mazzola, Kasra Amirdelfan, Krishnan Chakravarthy, Erika Petersen, Michael E. Schatman, Timothy Deer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Introduction: Painful lumbar spinal disorders represent a leading cause of disability in the US and worldwide. Interventional treatments for lumbar disorders are an effective treatment for the pain and disability from low back pain. Although many established and emerging interventional procedures are currently available, there exists a need for a defined guideline for their appropriateness, effectiveness, and safety. Objective: The ASPN Back Guideline was developed to provide clinicians the most comprehensive review of interventional treatments for lower back disorders. Clinicians should utilize the ASPN Back Guideline to evaluate the quality of the literature, safety, and efficacy of interventional treatments for lower back disorders. Methods: The American Society of Pain and Neuroscience (ASPN) identified an educational need for a comprehensive clinical guideline to provide evidence-based recommendations. Experts from the fields of Anesthesiology, Physiatry, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Radiology, and Pain Psychology developed the ASPN Back Guideline. The world literature in English was searched using Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, BioMed Central, Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, Current Contents Connect, Scopus, and meeting abstracts to identify and compile the evidence (per section) for back-related pain. Search words were selected based upon the section represented. Identified peer-reviewed literature was critiqued using United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) criteria and consensus points are presented. Results: After a comprehensive review and analysis of the available evidence, the ASPN Back Guideline group was able to rate the literature and provide therapy grades to each of the most commonly available interventional treatments for low back pain. Conclusion: The ASPN Back Guideline represents the first comprehensive analysis and grading of the existing and emerging interventional treatments available for low back pain. This will be a living document which will be periodically updated to the current standard of care based on the available evidence within peer-reviewed literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3729-3832
Number of pages104
JournalJournal of Pain Research
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • back pain
  • clinical guideline
  • epidural steroid injection
  • intervention
  • lumbar disorder
  • minimally invasive spine procedure
  • radiofrequency ablation
  • spinal cord stimulation


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