The 24-2 visual field test misses central macular damage confirmed by the 10-2 visual field test and optical coherence tomography

Lola M. Grillo, Diane L. Wang, Rithambara Ramachandran, Alyssa C. Ehrlich, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes, Robert Ritch, Donald C. Hood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the extent to which the 24-2 visual field (VF) misses macular damage confirmed with both 10-2 VF and optical coherence tomography (OCT) tests and to evaluate the patterns of damage missed. Methods: One hundred forty-one eyes of 141 glaucoma patients or suspects underwent 24-2 VF (mean deviation [MD] better than -6 dB), 10-2 VF, and OCT testing. Retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and retinal ganglion cell plus inner plexiform (RGC+) probability plots were combined with 10-2 VF probability plots. Eyes were classified as “abnormal macula” if abnormal regions on both the 10-2 VF and OCT plots agreed. The number of abnormal eyes missed (i.e., false negatives) was determined for the following 24-2 VF metrics: MD; pattern standard deviation (PSD); glaucoma hemifield test (GHT); cluster criteria (CC); and abnormal points within ±10º. Eyes that were missed on one or more of the 24-2 metrics were classified by damage type based upon circumpapillary RNFL thickness plots. Results: Fifty-nine (41.8%) eyes were classified as “abnormal macula,” and comprised the reference standard. Of the 59, 31 (52.5%) were missed by one or more of the 24-2 metrics. The individual 24-2 metrics missed between 7 (CC) and 20 (MD) eyes. The eyes missed had widespread macular damage, as well as both shallow and deep local defects. Conclusions: Eyes with macular glaucomatous damage may be classified as normal based on the 24-2 VF alone. Translational Relevance: To detect macular damage with perimetry, the 10-2 VF test (or a modified 24-2 VF test) is essential.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glaucoma
  • Macula
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Perimetry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The 24-2 visual field test misses central macular damage confirmed by the 10-2 visual field test and optical coherence tomography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this