The 100 Most Influential Articles in Cervical Spine Surgery

Branko Skovrlj, Jeremy Steinberger, Javier Z. Guzman, Samuel C. Overley, Sheeraz A. Qureshi, John M. Caridi, Samuel K. Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Study Design Literature review. Objective To identify and analyze the top 100 cited articles in cervical spine surgery. Methods The Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge was searched for citations of all articles relevant to cervical spine surgery. The number of citations, authorship, year of publication, journal of publication, country of publication, and institution were recorded for each article. Results The most cited article was the classic from 1991 by Vernon and Mior that described the Neck Disability Index. The second most cited was Smith's 1958 article describing the anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion procedure. The third most cited article was Hilibrand's 1999 publication evaluating the incidence, prevalence, and radiographic progression of symptomatic adjacent segment disease following anterior cervical arthrodesis. The majority of the articles originated in the United States (65), and most were published in Spine (39). Most articles were published in the 1990s (34), and the three most common topics were cervical fusion (17), surgical complications (9), and biomechanics (9), respectively. Author Abumi had four articles in the top 100 list, and authors Goffin, Panjabi, and Hadley had three each. The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan, had five articles in the top 100 list. Conclusion This report identifies the top 100 articles in cervical spine surgery and acknowledges those individuals who have contributed the most to the advancement of the study of the cervical spine and the body of knowledge used to guide evidence-based clinical decision making in cervical spine surgery today.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 26 Mar 2015


  • cervical spine
  • literature
  • most-cited
  • publication
  • surgery
  • top 100


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