Thallium kinetics in rat cardiac transplant rejection

Jacob H. Barak, Paul J. LaRaia, Charles A. Boucher, John T. Fallon, Mortimer J. Buckley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac transplant rejection is a very complex process involving both cellular and vascular injury. Recently, thallium imaging has been used to assess acute transplant rejection. It has been suggested that changes in thallium kinetics might be a sensitive indicator of transplant rejection. Accordingly, thallium kinetics were as-sessed in vivo in acute untreated rat heterotopic (cervical) transplant rejection. Male Lewis rats weighing 225—250 g received heterotopic heart transplants from syngeneic Lewis rats (group A; n = 13), or allogeneic Brown Norway rats (group B; n = 11). Rats were imaged serially on the 2nd and the 7th postoperative days. Serial cardiac thallium content was determined utilizing data collected every 150 sec for 2 hr. The data were fit to a monoexponential curve and the decay rate constant (/sec) derived. By day 7 all group B hearts had histological evidence of severe acute rejection, and demonstrated decreased global contraction. Group A hearts showed normal histology and contractility. However, thallium uptakes and washout of the two groups were the same. Peak thallium uptake of group B was ± 3758 1166 counts compared with 3553±950 counts in the control group A (P = 0.6395); The 2-hr percentage of washout was 12.1±1.04 compared with 12.1±9.3 (P = 1.0000); and the decay constant was —0.00002065± 0.00001799 compared with —0.00002202± 0.00001508 (P = 0.8409).These data indicate that in vivo global thallium kinetics are preserved during mild- to-severe acute transplant rejection. These findings suggest that the complex cellular and extracellular processes of acute rejection limit the usefulness of thallium kinetics in the detection of acute transplant rejection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-692
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1988
Externally publishedYes

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