Temperature-dependent viscoelastic properties of the human supraspinatus tendon

Chun Yuh Huang, Vincent M. Wang, Evan L. Flatow, Van C. Mow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Temperature effects on the viscoelastic properties of the human supraspinatus tendon were investigated using static stress-relaxation experiments and the quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) theory. Twelve supraspinatus tendons were randomly assigned to one of two test groups for tensile testing using the following sequence of temperatures: (1) 37, 27, and 17 °C (Group I, n=6), or (2) 42, 32, and 22 °C (Group II, n=6). QLV parameter C was found to increase at elevated temperatures, suggesting greater viscous mechanical behavior at higher temperatures. Elastic parameters A and B showed no significant difference among the six temperatures studied, implying that the viscoelastic stress response of the supraspinatus tendon is not sensitive to temperature over shorter testing durations. Using regression analysis, an exponential relationship between parameter C and test temperature was implemented into QLV theory to model temperature-dependent viscoelastic behavior. This modified approach facilitates the theoretical determination of the viscoelastic behavior of tendons at arbitrary temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-549
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 11 Mar 2009


  • Rotator cuff
  • Supraspinatus tendon
  • Temperature
  • Viscoelasticity


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