Temperature-Controlled Radiofrequency Ablation for Pulmonary Vein Isolation in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

Jin Iwasawa, Jacob S. Koruth, Jan Petru, Libor Dujka, Stepan Kralovec, Katerina Mzourkova, Srinivas R. Dukkipati, Petr Neuzil, Vivek Y. Reddy

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53 Scopus citations


Background Saline irrigation improved the safety of radiofrequency (RF) ablation, but the thermal feedback for energy titration is absent. Objectives To allow temperature-controlled irrigated ablation, a novel irrigated RF catheter was designed with a diamond-embedded tip (for rapid cooling) and 6 surface thermocouples to reflect tissue temperature. High-resolution electrograms (EGMs) from the split-tip electrode allowed rapid lesion assessment. The authors evaluated the preclinical and clinical performance of this catheter for pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. Methods Using the DiamondTemp (DT) catheter, pigs (n = 6) underwent discrete atrial ablation in a temperature control mode (60°C/50 W) until there was ∼80% EGM amplitude reduction. In a single-center clinical feasibility study, 35 patients underwent PV isolation with the DT catheter (study group); patients were planned for PV remapping after 3 months, regardless of symptomatology. A control group included 35 patients who underwent PV isolation with a standard force-sensing catheter. Results Porcine lesion histology revealed transmurality in 51 of 55 lesions (92.7%). In patients, all PVs were successfully isolated; no char or thrombus formation was observed. Compared with the control group, the study cohort had shorter mean RF application duration (26.3 ± 5.2 min vs. 89.2 ± 27.2 min; p < 0.001), shorter mean fluoroscopic time (11.2 ± 8.5 min vs. 19.5 ± 6.8 min; p < 0.001), and lower acute dormant PV reconduction (0 of 35 vs. 5 of 35; p = 0.024). At 3 months, 23 patients underwent remapping: 39 of 46 PV pairs (84.8%) remained durably isolated in 17 of these patients (73.9%). Conclusions This first-in-human series demonstrated that temperature-controlled irrigated ablation produced rapid, efficient, and durable PV isolation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-553
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • catheter ablation
  • electrogram
  • first-in-human
  • histology
  • remapping


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