Targeting earlier diagnosis: What symptoms come first in Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy?

Colin F. Munro, Ratko Yurac, Zipser Carl Moritz, Michael G. Fehlings, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto, James Milligan, Konstantinos Margetis, Mark R.N. Kotter, Benjamin M. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common and disabling condition. Early effective treatment is limited by late diagnosis. Conventional descriptions of DCM focus on motor and sensory limb disability, however, recent work suggests the true impact is much broader. This study aimed to characterise the symptomatic presentation of DCM from the perspective of people with DCM and determine whether any of the reported symptoms, or groups of symptoms, were associated with early diagnosis. Methods An internet survey was developed, using an established list of patient-reported effects. Participants (N = 171) were recruited from an online community of people with DCM. Respondents selected their current symptoms and primary presenting symptom. The relationship of symptoms and their relationship to time to diagnosis were explored. This included symptoms not commonly measured today, termed 'non-conventional' symptoms. Results All listed symptoms were experienced by >10% of respondents, with poor balance being the most commonly reported (84.2%). Non-conventional symptoms accounted for 39.7% of symptomatic burden. 55.4% of the symptoms were reported as an initial symptom, with neck pain the most common (13.5%). Non-conventional symptoms accounted for 11.1% of initial symptoms. 79.5% of the respondents were diagnosed late (>6 months). Heavy legs was the only initial symptom associated with early diagnosis. Conclusions A comprehensive description of the self-reported effects of DCM has been established, including the prevalence of symptoms at disease presentation. The experience of DCM is broader than suggested by conventional descriptions and further exploration of non-conventional symptoms may support earlier diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0281856
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume18
Issue number3 MARCH
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

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