A xenograft model of stem cell rejection was developed by co-transplantating human CD34+ and allogeneic CD3+ T cells into NOD-scid ɣ-chainnull mice. T cells caused graft failure when transplanted at any CD34/CD3 ratio between 1:50 and 1:.1. Kinetics experiments showed that 2 weeks after transplantation CD34+ cells engrafted the marrow and T cells expanded in the spleen. Then, at 4 weeks only memory T cells populated both sites and rejected CD34+ cells. Blockade of T cell costimulation was tested by injecting the mice with abatacept (CTLA4-IgG1) from day –1 to +27 (group A), from day –1 to +13 (group B), or from day +14 to +28 (group C). On day +56 groups B and C had rejected the graft, whereas in group A graft failure was completely prevented, although with lower stem cell engraftment than in controls (P =.03). Retransplantation of group A mice with same CD34+ cells obtained a complete reconstitution of human myeloid and B cell lineages and excluded latent alloreactivity. In this first xenograft model of stem cell rejection we showed that transplantation of HLA mismatched CD34+ cells may be facilitated by treatment with abatacept and late stem cell boost.
- Stem cell transplantation
- T cell