A central event in humoral responses is the Ag-mediated interaction of Th cells and B cells. This interaction leads to the activation of both cell types and results in cytokine secretion by the T cells and proliferation and secretion of Ig by the B cells. The proliferative and differentiative responses of B cells are dependent on contact-mediated signals and cytokines provided by the activated Th cells. Although the role of cytokines in B cell activation and differentiation is understood, the nature of the signals delivered by the activated Th cells and the molecules involved in this process are not known. In this study we have examined Ag-mediated 'cognate' T-B cell interactions as well as B cell activation induced by contact with preactivated and fixed Th lymphocytes. Our results indicate that both the T cell surface molecules lymphocyte function associated Ag-1 and CD2 are important in the activation of T cells by Ag presented by B lymphocytes. This indicates that B cells have similar characteristics as other APC. However, once the T cells are activated, contact-mediated stimulation of resting B lymphocytes (the noncognate phase) is dependent on CD2 but not lymphocyte function associated Ag-1. Two lines of evidence indicate this; first, it is inhibited by blocking of CD2 on the T cells and, second, such stimulation is not efficiently mediated by a CD2- Th cell line. Thus, CD2 plays an obligatory role at several discrete stages of T cell-mediated activation of resting B lymphocytes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1992|