C5aR2 (C5L2/gp77) is a seven-transmembrane spanning receptor that binds to C5a but lacks motifs essential for G protein coupling and associated signal transduction. C5aR2 is expressed on immune cells, modulates various inflammatory diseases in mice, and has been shown to facilitate murine and human regulatory T cell (TREG) generation in vitro. Whether and how C5aR2 impacts in vivo TREG generation and pathogenic T cell-dependent disease models have not been established. In this article, we show that murine T cells express and upregulate C5aR2 during induced TREG (iTREG) generation and that the absence of T cell- expressed C5aR2 limits in vivo iTREG generation following adoptive transfer of naive CD4 + T cells into Rag1 -/- recipients. Using newly generated C5aR2-transgenic mice, we show that overexpression of C5aR2 in naive CD4 + T cells augments in vivo iTREG generation. In a model of TREG-dependent cardiac allograft survival, recipient C5aR2 deficiency accelerates graft rejection associated with lower TREG/effector T cell ratios, whereas overexpression of C5aR2 in immune cells prolongs graft survival associated with an increase in TREG/effector T cell ratios. T cell-expressed C5aR2 modulates TREG induction without altering effector T cell proliferation or cytokine production. Distinct from reported findings in neutrophils and macrophages, TREGexpressed C5aR2 does not interact with β-arrestin or inhibit ERK1/2 signaling. Rather, cumulative evidence supports the conclusion that C5aR2 limits C5aR1-initiated signals known to inhibit TREG induction. Together, the data expand the role of C5aR2 in adaptive immunity by providing in vivo evidence that T cell-expressed C5aR2 physiologically modulates iTREG generation and iTREG-dependent allograft survival.