Systems-Level Mapping of Cancer Testis Antigen 1b/a to Sarcoma Pathways Identifies Activated Ran Binding-2 E3 SUMO-Protein Ligase and Transducin-Like Enhancer Protein 1

Nikolaos A. Papanikolaou, Prodromos Hytiroglou, Pavlina Pantelidou, Athanasios G. Papavassiliou, Lloyd L. Old

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Here we describe the identification of genes and their encoded proteins that are expressed in advanced grade tumors by reconstruction of a sarcoma cancer testis gene 1b/a (catg1b/a) network. CTAG1B/A is an ortholog of the yeast/Drosophila transcription factor Pcc1p, and a member of the KEOPS transcription complex. It has been implicated in telomere maintenance and transcriptional regulation through association with chromatin remodeling factors and is only expressed during adult testis germ cell differentiation. Ctag1b/a is re-activated in synovial sarcomas and myxoid liposarcomas but not in differentiated liposarcomas. We mapped CTAG1B/A protein to sarcoma transcription pathways with gene set expression analysis (GSEA) and using independent samples, we immunohistochemically identified expression of at least two network neighbors, RANBP2, and TLE1, thus validating our approach. This work demonstrates that mapping unknown genes to functional pathways by network re-construction is a powerful tool that can be used to identify candidate oncoproteins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number834445
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CtaG
  • GSEA
  • RanBP2
  • TLE1
  • network
  • sarcoma
  • transcription

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