3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of new immunotherapies to treat the inflammatory mechanisms that sustain atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is urgently needed. Herein, we present a path to drug repurposing to identify immunotherapies for ASCVD. The integration of time-of-flight mass cytometry and RNA sequencing identified unique inflammatory signatures in peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with ASCVD plasma. By comparing these inflammatory signatures to large-scale gene expression data from the LINCS L1000 dataset, we identified drugs that could reverse this inflammatory response. Ex vivo screens, using human samples, showed that saracatinib—a phase 2a-ready SRC and ABL inhibitor—reversed the inflammatory responses induced by ASCVD plasma. In Apoe −/− mice, saracatinib reduced atherosclerosis progression by reprogramming reparative macrophages. In a rabbit model of advanced atherosclerosis, saracatinib reduced plaque inflammation measured by [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography–magnetic resonance imaging. Here we show a systems immunology-driven drug repurposing with a preclinical validation strategy to aid the development of cardiovascular immunotherapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-571
Number of pages22
JournalNature Cardiovascular Research
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

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