Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Nasir Hussain, Farrah Hussain, Mohit Bhandari, Saam Morshed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of reviews has become an invaluable tool in orthopaedic surgery to help remain current on the best available evidence. Presently, there are three types of reviews: narrative reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses. A narrative review summarizes different primary studies from which a broad perspective can be formulated. In contrast, a systematic review, which ranks highest on the hierarchy on evidence, addresses a specific question and uses a planned and systematic approach. Lastly, a meta-analysis is the statistical analysis of the results from separate studies. The differences between a narrative review and a systematic review are discussed along with methods for their critical appraisal.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEvidence-Based Orthopedics
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages25-29
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)1405184760, 9781405184762
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bias
  • Evidence-based orthopaedic surgery
  • Hierarchy of evidence
  • Literature search
  • Meta-analysis
  • Narrative review
  • Research question
  • Systematic review

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