Systematic review of contemporary interventions for improving discharge support and transitions of care from the patient experience perspective

Tiago S. Jesus, Brocha Z. Stern, Dongwook Lee, Manrui Zhang, Jan Struhar, Allen W. Heinemann, Neil Jordan, Anne Deutsch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim To synthesize the impact of improvement interventions related to care coordination, discharge support and care transitions on patient experience measures. Method Systematic review. Searches were completed in six scientific databases, five specialty journals, and through snowballing. Eligibility included studies published in English (2015-2023) focused on improving care coordination, discharge support, or transitional care assessed by standardized patient experience measures as a primary outcome. Two independent reviewers made eligibility decisions and performed quality appraisals. Results Of 1240 papers initially screened, 16 were included. Seven studies focused on care coordination activities, including three randomized controlled trials [RCTs]. These studies used enhanced supports such as improvement coaching or tailoring for vulnerable populations within Patient-Centered Medical Homes or other primary care sites. Intervention effectiveness was mixed or neutral relative to standard or models of care or simpler supports (e.g., improvement tool). Eight studies, including three RCTs, focused on enhanced discharge support, including patient education (e.g., teach back) and telephone follow-up; mixed or neutral results on the patient experience were also found and with more substantive risks of bias. One pragmatic trial on a transitional care intervention, using a navigator support, found significant changes only for the subset of uninsured patients and in one patient experience outcome, and had challenges with implementation fidelity. Conclusion Enhanced supports for improving care coordination, discharge education, and post-discharge follow-up had mixed or neutral effectiveness for improving the patient experience with care, compared to standard care or simpler improvement approaches. There is a need to advance the body of evidence on how to improve the patient experience with discharge support and transitional approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0299176
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume19
Issue number5 May
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

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