Objective: We sought to investigate the relationship between the SYNTAX score (SS) and stent thrombosis (ST) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background: The relationship between the SS and ST is undetermined. Methods: We stratified 2,627 patients undergoing PCI in the ACUITY trial by SS tertile according to the current population (true tertiles, SS <7, SS = 7-12, and SS >12) and by the SYNTAX trial (original SYNTAX tertiles, SS <23, SS = 23-32, and SS >32). Thirty-day and 1-year rates of definite/probable ST were determined for each tertile. Results: A total 30 (1.1%) and 41 (1.6%) definite/probable STevents occurred by 30 days and 1 year, respectively. When stratified by true tertiles, 30-day and 1-year rates of definite/probable STwere significantly greater in the highest tertile (SS >12; 2.0% and 2.8%) compared with the intermediate (SS = 7-12; 0.7% and 1.1%) and lowest tertiles (SS <7; 0.6% and 0.7%), P = 0.007 and P = 0.0009, respectively. When stratified by original SYNTAX tertiles, 30-day and 1-year rates of definite/probable ST were significantly greater in the highest (SS >32; 6.3% and 8.8%) and intermediate tertiles (SS = 23-32; 2.8% and 3.7%) compared with the lowest tertile (SS < 22; 0.8% and 1.2%), P <0.0001 for both. By multivariable analysis, the SS was an independent predictor for both 30-day and 1-year definite/probable ST. Conclusions: In patients with NSTE-ACS undergoing PCI, the extent and severity of CAD, as assessed by the SS before revascularization, was strongly associated with the occurrence of ST both at 30 days and 1 year.
- SYNTAX score
- Stent thrombosis