Switch-Independent 3A: An Epigenetic Regulator in Cancer with New Implications for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Katherine Jankowski, Vineeta Jagana, Malik Bisserier, Lahouaria Hadri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNA, play a crucial role in the regulation of gene expression and are pivotal in biological processes like apoptosis, cell proliferation, and differentiation. SIN3a serves as a scaffold protein and facilitates interactions with transcriptional epigenetic partners and specific DNA-binding transcription factors to modulate gene expression by adding or removing epigenetic marks. However, the activation or repression of gene expression depends on the factors that interact with SIN3a, as it can recruit both transcriptional activators and repressors. The role of SIN3a has been extensively investigated in the context of cancer, including melanoma, lung, and breast cancer. Our group is interested in defining the roles of SIN3a and its partners in pulmonary vascular disease. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a multifactorial disease often described as a cancer-like disease and characterized by disrupted cellular metabolism, sustained vascular cell proliferation, and resistance to apoptosis. Molecularly, PAH shares many common signaling pathways with cancer cells, offering the opportunity to further consider therapeutic strategies used for cancer. As a result, many signaling pathways observed in cancer were studied in PAH and have encouraged new research studying SIN3a’s role in PAH due to its impact on cancer growth. This comparison offers new therapeutic options. In this review, we delineate the SIN3a-associated epigenetic mechanisms in cancer and PAH cells and highlight their impact on cell survival and proliferation. Furthermore, we explore in detail the role of SIN3a in cancer to provide new insights into its emerging role in PAH pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • SIN3a
  • cancer
  • epigenetic
  • pulmonary arterial hypertension


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