Surgical Techniques and Adjuvants for the Management of Pterygium

Ekta D. Patel, Michelle K. Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective:To provide an updated review of surgical techniques and adjuvants for the management of pterygium.Methods:A literature search was conducted in PubMed for studies published since January 2011. "Pterygium surgery" and the MeSH term "Pterygium/surgery" was used. The results were filtered for randomized controlled trials in English, yielding 60 citations.Results:One study compared topical anesthetic agents. One study compared methods of corneal polishing of the corneoscleral bed after pterygium excision. Numerous studies evaluated the use of conjunctival autograft versus amniotic membrane, superior versus inferior conjunctival autograft, and conjunctival versus limbal-conjunctival autograft. Many studies evaluated graft fixation methods. Several studies evaluated the adjuvant use of mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil, and bevacizumab. A few studies evaluated the adjuvant use of steroids. Eleven studies evaluated various methods of postoperative management.Conclusions:Current evidence supports pterygium excision with conjunctival autograft fixation using fibrin glue, followed by patching until the first postoperative visit. Surgical adjuvants and postoperative use of artificial tears and topical cyclosporine 0.05% may further reduce recurrence. Postoperative use of topical steroids is highly variable because there is no consensus regarding the optimal dose, frequency, and duration of treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-13
Number of pages11
JournalEye and Contact Lens
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Autograft
  • Fibrin glue
  • Pterygium recurrence
  • Pterygium surgery
  • Topical steroids


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