Surgical maneuvers placing the sciatic nerve at risk during total hip arthroplasty as assessed by somatosensory evoked potential monitoring

Thomas R. Perdes, Steven A. Stuchin, Donald M. Kastenbaum, Aleksandar Beric, Gerard Lacagnino, Humayun Kabir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sciatic nerve in 52 hip arthroplasties was evaluated using intraoperative somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs). Twenty-nine of these cases involved the lateral transtrochanteric approach, and 23 involved the posterior approach. A total of 11 incidents of SSEP changes occurred in eight patients. Six episodes occurred during lateral retraction of the proximal femur, and three occurred during anterior retraction of the proximal femur. Tracings returned to baseline with prompt cessation of femoral retraction in each case. One SSEP change occurred in a revision following reduction of the prosthetic components, and this resolved with shortening of the prosthetic neck to less than anatomic length. One change occurred during tightening of cables securing strut allografts to the femur, and this resolved spontaneously. No correlation was found between frequency of SSEP changes and age, sex, limb lengthening, or preoperative range of motion. It is concluded that routine lateral or anterior retraction may place the sciatic nerve at risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-444
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • sciatic nerve
  • somatosensory evoked potentials
  • total hip arthroplasty

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