It is hoped that, in this millennium, chronic pancreatitis will be diagnosed earlier in the course of the disease process. Improved axial imaging of the pancreatic duct and pancreatic parenchyma will diminish the need for other invasive tests. Surgical procedures are directed at pancreatic duct decompression or resection of the pancreas (head, body or tail) or, infrequently, total pancreatectomy. Pain relief in 75% to 90% is the general rule, with diabetes developing subsequently in as many as 33% of patients. Surgery for chronic pancreatitis is effective in correcting sequelae of pancreatic fibrosis. Endoscopic stenting of the pancreatic and bile duct is used more frequently today. Until their place is ascertained, careful performance of surgery will continue to be a mainstay of treatment.