Suppression of miR‑181a attenuates H2O2‑induced death of mesenchymal stem cells by maintaining hexokinase II expression

Seahyoung Lee, Ina Yun, Onju Ham, Se Yeon Lee, Chang Yeon Lee, Jun Hee Park, Jiyun Lee, Hyang Hee Seo, Eunhyun Choi, Ki Chul Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Low survival rate of transplanted cells compromises the efficacy of cell therapy. Hexokinase II (HKII) is known to have anti-apoptotic activity through its interaction with mitochondria. The objective was to identify miRNAs targeting HKII and investigate whether miRNA-mediated modulation of HKII could improve the survival of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exposed to H2O2. The expression of HKII in MSCs exposed to H2O2 was evaluated, and HKIItargeting miRNA was screened based on miRNA-target prediction databases. The effect of H2O2 on the expression of the selected HKII-targeting miRNA was examined and the effect of modulation of the selected HKII-targeting miRNA using anti-miRNA on H2O2-induced apoptosis of MSC was evaluated. Results: H2O2 (600 μM) induced cell death of MSCs and decreased mitochondrial HKII expression. We have identified miR-181a as a HKII-targeting miRNA and H2O2 increased the expression of miR-181a in MSCs. Delivery of anti-miR- 181a, which neutralizes endogenous miR-181a, significantly attenuated H2O2-induced decrease of HKII expression and disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential, improving the survival of MSCs exposed to H2O2. Conclusions: These findings suggest that H2O2-induced up-regulation of miR-181a contributes to the cell death of MSCs by down-regulating HKII. Neutralizing miR-181a can be an effective way to prime MSCs for transplantation into ischemic tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45
JournalBiological Research
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell death
  • Hexokinase II
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • miRNA-181a


Dive into the research topics of 'Suppression of miR‑181a attenuates H2O2‑induced death of mesenchymal stem cells by maintaining hexokinase II expression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this