Background: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of relevant studies to evaluate the effectiveness of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted endoradiotherapy/radioligand therapy (PRLT) in castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Methods: A systematic search was performed in July 2020 using PubMed/Medline database to update our prior systematic review. The search was limited to papers published from 2019 to June 2020. A total of 472 papers were reviewed. The studied parameters included pooled proportion of patients showing any or ≥50% prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decline after PRLT. Survival effects of PRLT were assessed based on pooled hazard ratios (HRs) of the overall survival (OS) according to any PSA as well as ≥50% PSA decline after PRLT. Response to therapy based on ≥50% PSA decrease after PRLT versus controls was evaluated using Mantel-Haenszel random effect meta-analysis. All p values < 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results: A total of 45 publications were added to the prior 24 studies. 69 papers with total of 4157 patients were included for meta-analysis. Meta-analysis of the two recent randomized controlled trials showed that patients treated with 177Lu-PSMA 617 had a significantly higher response to therapy compared to controls based on ≥50% PSA decrease. Meta-analysis of the HRs of OS according to any PSA decline and ≥50% PSA decline showed survival prolongation after PRLT. Conclusions: PRLT results in higher proportion of patients responding to therapy based on ≥50% PSA decline compared to controls. Any PSA decline and ≥50% PSA decline showed survival prolongation after PRLT. Advances in knowledge: This is the first meta-analysis to aggregate the recent randomized controlled trials of PRLT which shows CRPC patients had a higher response to therapy after PRLT compared to controls.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - 15 May 2022|
- radioligand therapy