Study on upconversion luminescence and luminescent dynamics of 20%Yb 3+, 0.5%Tm 3+ co-doped YF 3and GdF 3 nanocrystals

Chunyan Cao, Weiping Qin, Jisen Zhang

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11 Scopus citations


20%Yb 3+, 0.5%Tm 3+ co-doped YF 3 and GdF 3 were synthesized through a facile hydrothermal method. After annealing under an argon atmosphere, the sizes and morphologies of the two samples were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, and the phase and crystallization were analyzed by X-ray diffraction. With a 980 nm continuous wave laser diode as the excitation source, blue and ultraviolet upconversion emissions in the wavelength range of 260-510 nm of Tm 3+ and Gd 3+/Tm 3+ ions were recorded. Under the same excitation conditions, the upconversion emission spectra of the two nanocrystals were compared and analyzed. Gd 3+ in the ground state cannot absorb 980 nm photons directly because of the large energy gap between the ground state 8S 7/2 and the first excited state 6P 7/2. In the 20%Yb 3+, 0.5%Tm 3+ co-doped GdF3 nanocrystals, the excited states 6l j of Gd 3+ can be populated through the energy transfer 3P 23H 6 (Tm 3+): 8S 7/26l j(Gd 3+), meaning that Yb 3+ acted as primary sensitizers and Tm 3+ acted as secondary sensitizers, transferred energies to host material Gd 3+ and resulted in the ultraviolet upconversion emission of the host ions. In this article, the upconversion luminescent dynamics were studied at the onset of a 980 nm pulsed laser from an optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 10 ns pulsed Nd:YAG laser, too

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1900-1903
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • 0.5% tm co-doped gdf
  • 0.5%Tm co-doped yf
  • 20%Yb
  • Luminescent dynamics
  • Upconversion


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