Structure of Bacillus subtilis YXKO - A member of the UPF0031 family and a putative kinase

R. G. Zhang, J. Grembecka, E. Vinokour, F. Collart, I. Dementieva, W. Minor, A. Joachimiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We determined the 1.6-Å resolution crystal structure of a conserved hypothetical 29.9-kDa protein from the SIGY-CYDD intergenic region encoded by a Bacillus subtilis open reading frame in the YXKO locus. YXKO homologues are broadly distributed and are by and large described as proteins with unknown function. The YXKO protein has an α/β fold and shows high structural homology to the members of a ribokinase-like superfamily. However, YXKO is the only member of this superfamily known to form tetramers. Putative binding sites for adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a substrate, and Mg2+-binding sites were revealed in the structure of the protein, based on high structural similarity to ATP-dependent members of the superfamily. Two adjacent monomers contribute residues to the active site. The crystal structure provides valuable information about the YXKO protein's tertiary and quaternary structure, the biochemical function of YXKO and its homologues, and the evolution of its ribokinase-like superfamily.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Structural Biology
Volume139
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacillus subtilis YXKO
  • Kinase
  • Structural genomics
  • UPF0031 family

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