Structure-Based Discovery of a Novel Class of Small-Molecule Pure Antagonists of Integrin αvβ3

Soumyo Sen, Aleksandar Spasic, Anjana Sinha, Jialing Wang, Martin Bush, Jihong Li, Dragana Nešić, Yuchen Zhou, Gabriella Angiulli, Paul Morgan, Leslie Salas-Estrada, Junichi Takagi, Thomas Walz, Barry S. Coller, Marta Filizola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Inhibitors of integrin αVβ3 have therapeutic promise for a variety of diseases. Most αVβ3-targeting small molecules patterned after the RGD motif are partial agonists because they induce a high-affinity, ligand-binding conformation and prime the receptor to bind the ligand without an activating stimulus, in part via a charge-charge interaction between their aspartic acid carboxyl group and the metal ion in the metal-ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS). Building upon our previous studies on the related integrin αIIbβ3, we searched for pure αVβ3 antagonists that lack this typical aspartic acid carboxyl group and instead engage through direct binding to one of the coordinating residues of the MIDAS metal ion, specifically β3 E220. By in silico screening of two large chemical libraries for compounds interacting with β3 E220, we indeed discovered a novel molecule that does not contain an acidic carboxyl group and does not induce the high-affinity, ligand-binding state of the receptor. Functional and structural characterization of a chemically optimized version of this compound led to the discovery of a novel small-molecule pure αVβ3 antagonist that (i) does not prime the receptor to bind the ligand and does not induce hybrid domain swing-out or receptor extension as judged by antibody binding and negative-stain electron microscopy, (ii) binds at the RGD-binding site as predicted by metadynamics rescoring of induced-fit docking poses and confirmed by a cryo-electron microscopy structure of the compound-bound integrin, and (iii) coordinates the MIDAS metal ion via a quinoline moiety instead of an acidic carboxyl group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5607-5621
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Issue number22
StatePublished - 28 Nov 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Structure-Based Discovery of a Novel Class of Small-Molecule Pure Antagonists of Integrin αvβ3'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this