Strong correlation of genome-wide expression after traumatic brain injury in vitro and in vivo implicates a role for SORLA

Michael R. Lamprecht, Benjamin S. Elkin, Kartik Kesavabhotla, John F. Crary, Jennifer L. Hammers, Jimmy W. Huh, Ramesh Raghupathi, Barclay Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The utility of in vitro models of traumatic brain injury (TBI) depends on their ability to recapitulate the in vivo TBI cascade. In this study, we used a genome-wide approach to compare changes in gene expression at several time points post-injury in both an in vitro model and an in vivo model of TBI. We found a total of 2073 differentially expressed genes in our in vitro model and 877 differentially expressed genes in our in vivo model when compared to noninjured controls. We found a strong correlation in gene expression changes between the two models (r = 0.69), providing confidence that the in vitro model represented at least part of the in vivo injury cascade. From these data, we searched for genes with significant changes in expression over time (analysis of covariance) and identified sorting protein-related receptor with A-type repeats (SORLA). SORLA directs amyloid precursor protein to the recycling pathway by direct binding and away from amyloid-beta producing enzymes. Mutations of SORLA have been linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). We confirmed downregulation of SORLA expression in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting and present preliminary data from human tissue that is consistent with these experimental results. Together, these data suggest that the in vitro model of TBI used in this study strongly recapitulates the in vivo TBI pathobiology and is well suited for future mechanistic or therapeutic studies. The data also suggest the possible involvement of SORLA in the post-traumatic cascade linking TBI to AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-108
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • genomics
  • in vitro studies
  • in vivo studies
  • traumatic brain injury


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