Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter begins by providing the classification, causes, mechanisms, incidence/prevalence, pathophysiology, and predictive/risk factors of stroke. Stroke encompasses three main subtypes: ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Acute ischemic stroke comprises the majority (80%) of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute stroke symptoms. The chapter provides information on the prevention, prognosis, common pitfalls in diagnosis and management, and treatment algorithms of stroke as well as major international society guidelines and evidence. Emergency treatments, most notably emergency mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion, have dramatically affected our ability to reverse stroke symptoms, limit the degree of brain injury, and improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMount Sinai Expert Guides
Subtitle of host publicationCritical Care
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781119293255
ISBN (Print)9781119293262
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Emergency mechanical thrombectomy
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage


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