Stresses that Raise Np4A Levels Induce Protective Nucleoside Tetraphosphate Capping of Bacterial RNA

Daniel J. Luciano, Rose Levenson-Palmer, Joel G. Belasco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Present in all realms of life, dinucleoside tetraphosphates (Np4Ns) are generally considered signaling molecules. However, only a single pathway for Np4N signaling has been delineated in eukaryotes, and no receptor that mediates the influence of Np4Ns has ever been identified in bacteria. Here we show that, under disulfide stress conditions that elevate cellular Np4N concentrations, diverse Escherichia coli mRNAs and sRNAs acquire a cognate Np4 cap. Purified E. coli RNA polymerase and lysyl-tRNA synthetase are both capable of adding such 5′ caps. Cap removal by either of two pyrophosphatases, ApaH or RppH, triggers rapid RNA degradation in E. coli. ApaH, the predominant decapping enzyme, functions as both a sensor and an effector of disulfide stress, which inactivates it. These findings suggest that the physiological changes attributed to elevated Np4N concentrations in bacteria may result from widespread Np4 capping, leading to altered RNA stability and consequent changes in gene expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-966.e8
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 5′ end
  • ApA
  • LysU
  • NCIN
  • RNA decay
  • RNA degradation
  • aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase
  • boronate gel
  • cadmium
  • diadenosine tetraphosphate
  • diamide
  • esCAPade
  • oxidative stress

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