Strategies for treatment of dystonia

Dirk Dressler, Eckart Altenmueller, Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Saeed Bohlega, Pedro Chana, Tae Mo Chung, Steven Frucht, Pedro J. Garcia-Ruiz, Alain Kaelin, Ryuji Kaji, Petr Kanovsky, Rainer Laskawi, Federico Micheli, Olga Orlova, Maja Relja, Raymond Rosales, Jaroslaw Slawek, Sofia Timerbaeva, Thomas T. Warner, Fereshte Adib Saberi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Treatment of dystonias is generally symptomatic. To produce sufficient therapy effects, therefore, frequently a multimodal and interdisciplinary therapeutic approach becomes necessary, combining botulinum toxin therapy, deep brain stimulation, oral antidystonic drugs, adjuvant drugs and rehabilitation therapy including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, re-training, speech therapy, psychotherapy and sociotherapy. This review presents the recommendations of the IAB—Interdisciplinary Working Group for Movement Disorders Special Task Force on Interdisciplinary Treatment of Dystonia. It reviews the different therapeutic modalities and outlines a strategy to adapt them to the dystonia localisation and severity of the individual patient. Hints to emerging and future therapies will be given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-258
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Antidystonic drugs
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Dystonia
  • Interdisciplinary approach
  • Multimodal therapies
  • Rehabilitation therapy
  • Treatment strategies


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