Stimulation of distinct t cell subsets in MLR using human macrophage hybridomas differentially expressing class II antigens

Abraham Shared, Kirk Sperber, Lloyd Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recognition of class II antigens by alloreactive T cells is thought to be the major mechanism by which tissues undergo rejection. However, the specific role of the various class II antigens in the stimulation of these alloreactive cells remains to be elucidated. We have recently generated a series of human monocyte hybridomas that express distinct patterns of class II antigen expression. HLA-DR+ as well as HLA-DR-DP+DQ+ hybrids were capable of promoting T cell proliferation in a unidirectional mixed lymphocyte reaction. T cells stimulated by the HLA-DR- clone 16.1 were predominantly of the CD4 (helper/inducer) phenotype. In contrast, T cells stimulated by the HLA-DR-DP+DQ+ clone 13 appear to reside in the CD8+ T cell subpopulation. Functional assessment of the T cell blasts generated in these cultures demonstrated a predominant helper T cell effect by those T cells stimulated by the HLA-DR+ clone 16.1, while suppressor cell activity was exhibited by T cells stimulated with the HLA-DR-DP+DQ+ clone 13. These data suggest that there may be a differential role for distinct class II molecules in the stimulation of T cell subpopulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1068-1072
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1991

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