Stereotyped movement disorder in ICD-11

Dan J. Stein, Douglas W. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


According to current proposals for ICD-11, stereotyped movement disorder will be classified in the grouping of neurodevelopmental disorders, with a qualifier to indicate whether self-injury is present, similar to the classification of stereotypic movement disorder in DSM-5. At the same time, the WHO ICD-11 Working Group on the Classification of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders has proposed a grouping of body-focused repetitive behavior disorders within the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD) cluster to include trichotillomania and skin-picking disorder. DSM-5 has taken a slightly different approach: trichotillomania and excoriation (skin picking) disorder are included in the OCRD grouping, while body-focused repetitive behavior disorder is listed under other specified forms of OCRD. DSM-5 also includes a separate category of nonsuicidal self-injury in the section on ‘‘conditions for further study.’’ There are a number of unresolved nosological questions regarding the relationships among stereotyped movement disorder, body-focused repetitive behavior disorders, and nonsuicidal self-injury. In this article, we attempt to provide preliminary answers to some of these questions as they relate to the ICD-11 classification of mental and behavioral disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S65-S68
JournalRevista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Body-focused repetitive behavior disorder
  • Classification
  • DSM-5
  • ICD-11
  • Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
  • Stereotyped movement disorder
  • Stereotypic movement disorder


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