Stem cell factor and the amplification of progenitor cells from CD34+ cord blood cells

A. R. Migliaccio, M. Baiocchi, B. Durand, K. Eddleman, G. Migliaccio, J. W. Adamson, I. D. Bernstein, L. W.M.M. Terstappen, M. Ogawa

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9 Scopus citations


We have studied the frequency of colony-forming cells (CFC) in fetal and neonatal blood in comparison with adult blood and marrow. Fetal or neonatal blood contains at least as many CFC as adult marrow and higher numbers of the more primitive CFC-those CFC (mixed-cell CFC) giving rise to colonies composed of erythroid and myeloid cells. CD34+ cord blood cells (selected by one of several means) proliferate in culture over time and generate more CFC (from pre-CFC) and differentiated cells in response to stem cell factor (SCF) plus different hematopoietic growth factors. For its effect, SCF requires the synergistic action of erythropoietin (Epo), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), or interleukin-3 (IL-3). In the presence of Epo or G-CSF, CFC and differentiated cells are generated for 15 days and are mainly erythroid or granulocytic, respectively. In contrast, SCF plus IL-3 generate multilineage CFC and differentiated cells for more than 1 month. When the conditions for these long-term suspension cultures were optimized, CFC and differentiated cells were generated for more than 2 months. At this time, CFC were no longer detectable, but cells continued to be generated, and the cells had a mast cell phenotype. These cells have been maintained and propagated for more than 8 months in the presence of IL-3 and SCF and may represent a useful tool to study human mast cell differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-139
Number of pages11
JournalBlood Cells
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Colony-forming cells
  • Cord blood cells
  • Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
  • Interleukin-3
  • Stem cell factor


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