Statin use and functional decline in patients with and without peripheral arterial disease

Jay Giri, Mary M. McDermott, Philip Greenland, Jack M. Guralnik, Michael H. Criqui, Kiang Liu, Luigi Ferrucci, David Green, Joseph R. Schneider, Lu Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We determined whether statin use (vs. non-use) is associated with less annual decline in lower-extremity functioning in patients with and without lower-extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) over three-year follow-up. BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether statin use is associated with less functional decline in patients with PAD. METHODS: Participants included 332 men and women with an ankle brachial index (ABI) <0.90 and 212 with ABI 0.90 to 1.50. Functional outcomes included 6-min walk distance and usual and rapid-pace 4-m walking velocity. A summary performance score combined performance in walking speed, standing balance, and time for five repeated chair rises into an ordinal score ranging from 0 to 12 (12 = best). RESULTS: Adjusting for age, race, gender, comorbidities, education, health insurance, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein level, body mass index, pack-years of smoking, leg symptoms, immediately previous year functioning, statin use/non-use, ABI, and change in ABI, the PAD participants using statins had less annual decline in usual-pace walking velocity (0.002 vs. -0.024 m/s/year, p = 0.013), rapid-pace walking velocity (-0.006 vs. -0.042 m/s/year, p = 0.006), 6-min walk performance (-34.5 vs. -57.9 feet/year, p = 0.088), and the summary performance score (-0.152 vs. -0.376, p = 0.067) compared with non-users. These associations were attenuated slightly by additional adjustment for high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels. Among non-PAD participants, there were no significant associations between statin use and functional decline. CONCLUSIONS: The PAD patients on statins have less annual decline in lower-extremity performance than PAD patients who are not taking statins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)998-1004
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

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