Staged carotid artery stenting and coronary artery bypass graft surgery: Initial results from a single center

Jason C. Kovacic, Paul R. Roy, David W. Baron, David W.M. Muller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the clinical course of patients undergoing planned percutaneous carotid stenting followed by staged coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Coexisting carotid and coronary atherosclerotic disease is relatively common. A combined or staged surgical approach has a composite stroke, myocardial infarction, or death rate of > 10%. We performed a retrospective search of our single-institution database to identify all patients scheduled to undergo staged carotid stenting followed by CABG. Twenty-three such patients (17 males, 6 females) were identified, with 3/23 (13%) requiring bilateral carotid stenting. Most carotid lesions were asymptomatic (18/26; 69.2%) and severe (mean stenosis, 82.9% ± 8.6%). Stents were successfully placed in 26/26 carotid arteries (100%). One stent procedure (1/26; 3.8%) resulted in a minor stroke, but full recovery occurred within 1 week. There were no other peri-stenting complications. Three patents (3/23; 13%), none of whom suffered an adverse event at carotid stenting, elected not to undergo CABG. The mean interval from last carotid stent to CABG was 69.6 ± 39.6 days (range, 8-157 days). Antiplatelet therapy was ceased > 3 days prior to CABG in 10/20 patients (50%), but continued until surgery in the remainder. There were no peri-CABG bleeding or neurological complications, but one myocardial infarction occurred (1/20; 5%). Therefore, of the 20 patients who underwent planned carotid stenting followed by CABG, our overall rate of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction was 10%. However, our rate of death, persistent stroke or myocardial infarction was 5%. Planned carotid stenting followed by staged CABG is a viable method of treatment for patients with coexistent carotid and coronary atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-148
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carotid artery disease
  • Coronary bypass
  • Stent

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