SRSF2 plays an unexpected role as reader of m5C on mRNA, linking epitranscriptomics to cancer

Hai Li Ma, Martin Bizet, Christelle Soares Da Costa, Frédéric Murisier, Eric James de Bony, Meng Ke Wang, Akihide Yoshimi, Kuan Ting Lin, Kristin M. Riching, Xing Wang, John I. Beckman, Shailee Arya, Nathalie Droin, Emilie Calonne, Bouchra Hassabi, Qing Yang Zhang, Ang Li, Pascale Putmans, Lionel Malbec, Céline HubertJie Lan, Frédérique Mies, Ying Yang, Eric Solary, Danette L. Daniels, Yogesh K. Gupta, Rachel Deplus, Omar Abdel-Wahab, Yun Gui Yang, François Fuks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A common mRNA modification is 5-methylcytosine (m5C), whose role in gene-transcript processing and cancer remains unclear. Here, we identify serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 2 (SRSF2) as a reader of m5C and impaired SRSF2 m5C binding as a potential contributor to leukemogenesis. Structurally, we identify residues involved in m5C recognition and the impact of the prevalent leukemia-associated mutation SRSF2P95H. We show that SRSF2 binding and m5C colocalize within transcripts. Furthermore, knocking down the m5C writer NSUN2 decreases mRNA m5C, reduces SRSF2 binding, and alters RNA splicing. We also show that the SRSF2P95H mutation impairs the ability of the protein to read m5C-marked mRNA, notably reducing its binding to key leukemia-related transcripts in leukemic cells. In leukemia patients, low NSUN2 expression leads to mRNA m5C hypomethylation and, combined with SRSF2P95H, predicts poor outcomes. Altogether, we highlight an unrecognized mechanistic link between epitranscriptomics and a key oncogenesis driver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4239-4254.e10
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume83
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • NSUN2
  • RNA methylation
  • RNA modification
  • RNA splicing
  • SRSF2
  • SRSF2
  • cancer
  • epitranscriptomics
  • leukemia
  • mC

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