Sprouty proteins are negative regulators of interferon (IFN) signaling and IFN-inducible biological responses

Bhumika Sharma, Sonali Joshi, Antonella Sassano, Beata Majchrzak, Surinder Kaur, Priya Aggarwal, Behnam Nabet, Marinka Bulic, Brady L. Stein, Brandon McMahon, Darren P. Baker, Rikiro Fukunaga, Jessica K. Altman, Jonathan D. Licht, Eleanor N. Fish, Leonidas C. Platanias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Interferons (IFNs) have important antiviral and antineoplastic properties, but the precise mechanisms required for generation of these responses remain to be defined. We provide evidence that during engagement of the Type I IFN receptor (IFNR), there is up-regulation of expression of Sprouty (Spry) proteins 1, 2, and 4. Our studies demonstrate that IFN-inducible up-regulation of Spry proteins is Mnk kinase-dependent and results in suppressive effects on the IFN-activated p38 MAP kinase (MAPK), the function of which is required for transcription of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). Our data establish that ISG15 mRNA expression and IFN-dependent antiviral responses are enhanced in Spry1,2,4 triple knock-out mouse embryonic fibroblasts, consistent with negative feedback regulatory roles for Spry proteins in IFN-mediated signaling. In other studies, we found that siRNA-mediated knockdown of Spry1, Spry2, or Spry4 promotes IFN-inducible antileukemic effects in vitro and results in enhanced suppressive effects on malignant hematopoietic progenitors from patients with polycythemia vera. Altogether, our findings demonstrate that Spry proteins are potent regulators of Type I IFN signaling and negatively control induction of Type I IFN-mediated biological responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42352-42360
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number50
StatePublished - 7 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


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