Sporadic Alzheimer disease fibroblasts display an oxidative stress phenotype

Mahesh Ramamoorthy, Peter Sykora, Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, Christopher Dunn, Cindy Kasmer, Yongqing Zhang, Kevin G. Becker, Deborah L. Croteau, Vilhelm A. Bohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer disease (AD) is a major health problem in the United States, affecting one in eight Americans over the age of 65. The number of elderly suffering from AD is expected to continue to increase over the next decade, as the average age of the U.S. population increases. The risk factors for and etiology of AD are not well understood; however, recent studies suggest that exposure to oxidative stress may be a contributing factor. Here, microarray gene expression signatures were compared in AD-patient-derived fibroblasts and normal fibroblasts exposed to hydrogen peroxide or menadione (to simulate conditions of oxidative stress). Using the 23 K Illumina cDNA microarray to screen expression of >14,000 human genes, we identified a total of 1017 genes that are chronically up- or downregulated in AD fibroblasts, 215 of which were also differentially expressed in normal human fibroblasts within 12 h after exposure to hydrogen peroxide or menadione. Pathway analysis of these 215 genes and their associated pathways revealed cellular functions that may be critically dysregulated by oxidative stress and play a critical role in the etiology and/or pathology of AD. We then examined the AD fibroblasts for the presence of oxidative DNA damage and found increased accumulation of 8-oxo-guanine. These results indicate the possible role of oxidative stress in the gene expression profile seen in AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1371-1380
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 8-OxoG
  • Alzheimer disease
  • Array analysis
  • Free radicals
  • Oxidative DNA damage
  • Oxidative stress

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