Background & Aims: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a devastating complication of cirrhosis with high mortality. The impact of a prior episode of SBP on the outcome of liver transplantation (LT) is not well known. We aimed to determine the short- and long-term morbidity and mortality of patients who received LT, with and without a history of SBP. Methods: We reviewed the records of all adult patients who underwent LT at a single center between June 1999 and June 2009. Patients with SBP were compared with all other patients who underwent LT during the same time period, without prior episodes of SBP. Results: A total of 1491 adult patients underwent LT in the study period; 80 (5.4%) had at least 1 episode of SBP before LT. The mean follow-up time for all patients in the study was just over 4 years. Patients in the SBP cohort were more likely to be male (74%) and to have alcoholic liver disease. Patients with SBP had higher Child-Pugh and model for end-stage liver disease scores at the time of transplantation compared with controls, but there was no difference in long-term mortality between the 2 groups. Patients with SBP, however, were more likely to require surgery for complications related to LT within 1 year and were more likely to die of sepsis. Conclusions: Despite higher Child-Pugh and model for end-stage liver disease score at the time of LT, survival times of patients with SBP before LT are similar to those patients without SBP.
- Liver Transplantation
- Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis