Spliceosome malfunction causes neurodevelopmental disorders with overlapping features

Dong Li, Qin Wang, Allan Bayat, Mark R. Battig, Yijing Zhou, Daniëlle G.M. Bosch, Gijs van Haaften, Leslie Granger, Andrea K. Petersen, Luis A. Pérez-Jurado, Gemma Aznar-Laín, Anushree Aneja, Miroslava Hancarova, Sarka Bendova, Martin Schwarz, Radka Kremlikova Pourova, Zdenek Sedlacek, Beth A. Keena, Michael E. March, Cuiping HouNora O’Connor, Elizabeth J. Bhoj, Margaret H. Harr, Gabrielle Lemire, Kym M. Boycott, Meghan Towne, Megan Li, Mark Tarnopolsky, Lauren Brady, Michael J. Parker, Hanna Faghfoury, Lea Kristin Parsley, Emanuele Agolini, Maria Lisa Dentici, Antonio Novelli, Meredith Wright, Rachel Palmquist, Khanh Lai, Marcello Scala, Pasquale Striano, Michele Iacomino, Federico Zara, Annina Cooper, Timothy J. Maarup, Melissa Byler, Robert Roger Lebel, Tugce B. Balci, Raymond Louie, Michael Lyons, Jessica Douglas, Catherine Nowak, Alexandra Afenjar, Juliane Hoyer, Boris Keren, Saskia M. Maas, Mahdi M. Motazacker, Julian A. Martinez-Agosto, Ahna M. Rabani, Elizabeth M. McCormick, Marni J. Falk, Sarah M. Ruggiero, Ingo Helbig, Rikke S. Møller, Lino Tessarollo, Francesco Tomassoni Ardori, Mary Ellen Palko, Tzung Chien Hsieh, Peter M. Krawitz, Mythily Ganapathi, Bruce D. Gelb, Vaidehi Jobanputra, Ashley Wilson, John Greally, Sébastien Jacquemont, Khadijé Jizi, Ange Line Bruel, Chloé Quelin, Vinod K. Misra, Erika Chick, Corrado Romano, Donatella Greco, Alessia Arena, Manuela Morleo, Vincenzo Nigro, Rie Seyama, Yuri Uchiyama, Naomichi Matsumoto, Ryoji Taira, Katsuya Tashiro, Yasunari Sakai, Gökhan Yigit, Bernd Wollnik, Michael Wagner, Barbara Kutsche, Anna C.E. Hurst, Michelle L. Thompson, Ryan Schmidt, Linda Randolph, Rebecca C. Spillmann, Vandana Shashi, Edward J. Higginbotham, Dawn Cordeiro, Amanda Carnevale, Gregory Costain, Tayyaba Khan, Benoît Funalot, Frederic Tran Mau-Them, Luis Fernandez Garcia Moya, Sixto García-Miñaúr, Matthew Osmond, Lauren Chad, Nada Quercia, Diana Carrasco, Chumei Li, Amarilis Sanchez-Valle, Meghan Kelley, Mathilde Nizon, Brynjar O. Jensson, Patrick Sulem, Kari Stefansson, Svetlana Gorokhova, Tiffany Busa, Marlène Rio, Hamza Hadj Habdallah, Marion Lesieur-Sebellin, Jeanne Amiel, Véronique Pingault, Sandra Mercier, Marie Vincent, Christophe Philippe, Clemence Fatus-Fauconnier, Kathryn Friend, Rebecca K. Halligan, Sunita Biswas, Jane Rosser, Cheryl Shoubridge, Mark Corbett, Christopher Barnett, Jozef Gecz, Kathleen Leppig, Anne Slavotinek, Carlo Marcelis, Rolph Pfundt, Bert B.A. de Vries, Marjon A. van Slegtenhorst, Alice S. Brooks, Benjamin Cogne, Thomas Rambaud, Zeynep Tümer, Elaine H. Zackai, Naiara Akizu, Yuanquan Song, Hakon Hakonarson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pre-mRNA splicing is a highly coordinated process. While its dysregulation has been linked to neurological deficits, our understanding of the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms remains limited. We implicated pathogenic variants in U2AF2 and PRPF19, encoding spliceosome subunits in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), by identifying 46 unrelated individuals with 23 de novo U2AF2 missense variants (including 7 recurrent variants in 30 individuals) and 6 individuals with de novo PRPF19 variants. Eight U2AF2 variants dysregulated splicing of a model substrate. Neuritogenesis was reduced in human neurons differentiated from human pluripotent stem cells carrying two U2AF2 hyper-recurrent variants. Neural loss of function (LoF) of the Drosophila orthologs U2af50 and Prp19 led to lethality, abnormal mushroom body (MB) patterning, and social deficits, which were differentially rescued by wild-type and mutant U2AF2 or PRPF19. Transcriptome profiling revealed splicing substrates or effectors (including Rbfox1, a third splicing factor), which rescued MB defects in U2af50deficient flies. Upon reanalysis of negative clinical exomes followed by data sharing, we further identified 6 patients with NDD who carried RBFOX1 missense variants which, by in vitro testing, showed LoF. Our study implicates 3 splicing factors as NDD-causative genes and establishes a genetic network with hierarchy underlying human brain development and function.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere171235
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jan 2024

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