Splice-switch oligonucleotide-based combinatorial platform prioritizes synthetic lethal targets CHK1 and BRD4 against MYC-driven hepatocellular carcinoma

Dexter Kai Hao Thng, Tan Boon Toh, Paolo Pigini, Lissa Hooi, Yock Young Dan, Pierce Kah Hoe Chow, Glenn Kunnath Bonney, Masturah Bte Mohd Abdul Rashid, Ernesto Guccione, Dave Keng Boon Wee, Edward Kai Hua Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deregulation of MYC is among the most frequent oncogenic drivers in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Unfortunately, the clinical success of MYC-targeted therapies is limited. Synthetic lethality offers an alternative therapeutic strategy by leveraging on vulnerabilities in tumors with MYC deregulation. While several synthetic lethal targets of MYC have been identified in HCC, the need to prioritize targets with the greatest therapeutic potential has been unmet. Here, we demonstrate that by pairing splice-switch oligonucleotide (SSO) technologies with our phenotypic-analytical hybrid multidrug interrogation platform, quadratic phenotypic optimization platform (QPOP), we can disrupt the functional expression of these targets in specific combinatorial tests to rapidly determine target–target interactions and rank synthetic lethality targets. Our SSO-QPOP analyses revealed that simultaneous attenuation of CHK1 and BRD4 function is an effective combination specific in MYC-deregulated HCC, successfully suppressing HCC progression in vitro. Pharmacological inhibitors of CHK1 and BRD4 further demonstrated its translational value by exhibiting synergistic interactions in patient-derived xenograft organoid models of HCC harboring high levels of MYC deregulation. Collectively, our work demonstrates the capacity of SSO-QPOP as a target prioritization tool in the drug development pipeline, as well as the therapeutic potential of CHK1 and BRD4 in MYC-driven HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10363
JournalBioengineering and Translational Medicine
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • MYC synthetic lethality
  • RNA therapeutics
  • quadratic phenotypic optimization platform
  • splice-switch oligonucleotides

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Splice-switch oligonucleotide-based combinatorial platform prioritizes synthetic lethal targets CHK1 and BRD4 against MYC-driven hepatocellular carcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this