Spine Dislocations and Fractures

Andrew Hecht, Jonathan S. Markowitz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Kyphotic deformity is an increase beyond physiologic forward curvature of the spine seen in the sagittal view. Hyperkyphosis is defined as a cobb angle greater than 50°. Scoliosis is a 10° or more deviation of spine from vertical line on a coronal view. Scoliosis can develop in any segment of the spine although thoracic and lumbar scoliosis is more often recognized by clinicians. Depending on the degree of curve, these deformities can be symptom-free or they could have significant symptoms including pain and pulmonary compromise. This chapter will explore their etiologies, presentation, examination, workup, and management of spinal deformities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClinical Guide to Musculoskeletal Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationA Multidisciplinary Approach
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9783030920425
ISBN (Print)9783030920418
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Acquired spinal deformity
  • Idiopathic spinal deformity
  • Kyphoscoliosis
  • Kyphosis
  • Scoliosis


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