Speech motor stability in IPD: Effects of rate and loudness manipulations

J. Kleinow, A. Smith, L. O. Ramig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


Increasing phonatory effort, an integral component of the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment, LSVT, has been identified as an effective management strategy for adults with hypokinetic dysarthria associated with Parkinsonism. The present study compares the effects of increased loudness on lower lip movements to those of changes in speaking rate, another approach to the treatment of hypokinetic dysarthria. Movements of the lower lip/jaw during speech were recorded from 8 adults with IPD, 8 healthy aged adults, and 8 young adults. The spatiotemporal index (STI), a measure of spatial and temporal variability, revealed that for all speaker groups slow rate was associated with the most variability. Compared to the other conditions, STI values from the loud condition were closest to those from habitual speech. Also, the normalized movement pattern for the loud condition resembled that of habitual speech. It is hypothesized that speaking loudly is associated with a spatial and temporal organization that closely resembles that used in habitual speech, which may contribute to the success of the LSVT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1051
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Speech loudness
  • Speech motor control
  • Speech rate


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