Spatially constrained tandem bromodomain inhibition bolsters sustained repression of BRD4 transcriptional activity for TNBC cell growth

Chunyan Ren, Guangtao Zhang, Fangbin Han, Shibo Fu, Yingdi Cao, Fan Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Jamel Meslamani, Yaoyao Xu, Donglei Ji, Lingling Cao, Qian Zhou, Ka lung Cheung, Rajal Sharma, Nicolas Babault, Zhengzi Yi, Weijia Zhang, Martin J. Walsh, Lei Zeng, Ming Ming Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The importance of BET protein BRD4 in gene transcription is well recognized through the study of chemical modulation of its characteristic tandem bromodomain (BrD) binding to lysine-acetylated histones and transcription factors. However, while monovalent inhibition of BRD4 by BET BrD inhibitors such as JQ1 blocks growth of hematopoietic cancers, it is much less effective generally in solid tumors. Here, we report a thienodiazepine-based bivalent BrD inhibitor, MS645, that affords spatially constrained tandem BrD inhibition and consequently sustained repression of BRD4 transcriptional activity in blocking proliferation of solid-tumor cells including a panel of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. MS645 blocks BRD4 binding to transcription enhancer/mediator proteins MED1 and YY1 with potency superior to monovalent BET inhibitors, resulting in down-regulation of proinflam-matory cytokines and genes for cell-cycle control and DNA damage repair that are largely unaffected by monovalent BrD inhibition. Our study suggests a therapeutic strategy to maximally control BRD4 activity for rapid growth of solid-tumor TNBC cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7949-7954
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume115
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • BRD4
  • Bivalent BET inhibitors
  • Drug discovery
  • Gene transcription
  • TNBC

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